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Attorney(KOREA, U.S.A., IL.)   LEE, JAE WOOK'S OFFICE
Attorney LEE, JAE WOOK'S OFFICE   [ LICENSED TO PRACTICE IN KOREA, U.S.A., ILLINOIS ]
[개인과 기업을 위한 모든 법률문제를 서비스합니다.]
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INVEST
VISA
REFUGE
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↓   9 FAM VISAS(DOS)
↓   9 FAM VISAS(DOS)


↓  9 FAM 601.10 VISA FRAUD PREVENTION




9 FAM 601.10

VISA FRAUD PREVENTION

(CT:VISA­3; 11­18­2015) (Office of Origin: CA/VO/L/R)



9 FAM 601.10­1
FRAUD PREVENTION OVERVIEW

(CT:VISA­3; 11­18­2015)
(Previous location: 7 FAH­1 H­922 CT:CMH­22; 12­13­2012)

Fraud prevention is a key element of border security
        a) that requires active, organized efforts
                i) within the Department,
                ii) at domestic issuing offices, and
                iii) at all posts abroad.

It is a partnership
        a) involving
                i) the Bureaus of Consular Affairs (CA),
                ii) Diplomatic Security (DS), and
                iii) other agency partners
                        A) at our offices worldwide.

See
        a) 7 FAH­1 H­920 f
                i) or information on consular fraud and
        b) 7 FAH­1 H­930
                i) for guidelines on organizing fraud prevention efforts.  

7 FAH­1 H­940 includes important information
        a) on managing a Fraud Prevention Unit overseas.



9 FAM 601.10­2
VISA PROCESSING AND FRAUD CONCERNS

(CT:VISA­3; 11­18­2015)

You must be aware of the potential
        a) for fraud
        b) in all aspects of visa processing.

Applicants may
        a) commit identity fraud,
        b) claim relations
                i) that don't exist or
        c) misrepresent their qualifications
                i) in order to receive a visa
                        A) for which they are not qualified.

The CA/FPP home page
        a) on CAWeb

1) provides a thorough discussion of
        a) the different aspects
                i) IV and
                ii) NIV
                        A) fraud as well as
        b) the potential
                i) for fraud
                ii) in the context of specific categories of visas.

You should
        a) review all of this information and
        b) pay particular attention
                i) to those categories
                        A) that are predominant at your post.



9 FAM 601.10­3
PRIORITIES AND RESOURCES IN COMBATING VISA FRAUD

(CT:VISA­3; 11­18­2015)

See 7 FAH­1 H­941 paragraph c
        a) for how to prioritize your fraud casework.

Regarding resources,

the CA/FPP home page
        a) on CAWeb

1) has extensive links
        a) to useful references and resources
                i) supporting a robust fraud prevention program.

All consular officers and fraud prevention managers should
        a) be familiar with
                i) its content and
                ii) organization and
        b) refer to it
                i) regularly to check on new postings and developments.

It contains
        a) the Fraud Prevention Operational Tool Kit,
        b) Intelligence Alerts,
        c) Fraud Digest,
        d) Self­Instructional Guides, and
        e) many other valuable tools
                i) for managing an effective fraud program.

See also 7 FAH­1 H­942.2
        a) on requesting resources
                i) for fraud prevention activities.



9 FAM 601.10­4
SEIZING FRAUDULENT DHS DOCUMENTS

(CT:VISA­3; 11­18­2015)
(Previous location: 9 FAM 42.22 N12; CT:VISA­1858 08­15­2012)

a. Posts should keep in mind that
        a) consular officers
                a) do not have the authority to make determinations
                        A) regarding retention or loss
                                I) of lawful resident status and
                ii) cannot require any alien
                        A) to relinquish lawful resident documentation.

On the other hand,

there are no regulations
        a) that state
                i) that a fraudulent document cannot be retained
                ii) if presented to a consular officer
                        A) for verification or other action.
See also 9 FAM 202.2­3.

b. In cases
        a) where a post is in a position
                i) to verify the legitimacy
                        A) of a particular DHS document,

1) posts should follow these instructions:

        (1) If post is certain
                i) that the document is fraudulent
                        A) (i.e.,
                                I) a counterfeit or
                                II) a genuine document,
                                        (a) which has been altered to allow its use by an impostor),
                
                1) posts are authorized to retain the documents
                        A) for inclusion
                                I) in the case file or
                        B) for specific disposition
                                I) as required
                (see also 9 FAM 202.2­3);

        (2) If, on the other hand, a post is only doubtful
                i) as to the veracity of a document,

                1) then the post should return the questionable document
                        A) to the bearer.

                If the alien is traveling,

                1) the post should notify the carrier (if known)
                        A) that the document may be fraudulent.

                The carrier should be informed that
                        A) if
                                I) the document is in fact counterfeit or altered and
                                II) the carrier has decided to risk transporting the alien,

                        B) the carrier may be subject to DHS fines.

                In all cases,

                post should scan and email a copy of the document
                        A) to the Office of Fraud Prevention Programs (CA/FPP).
See also 9 FAM 202.2­3.




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