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[한국변호사, 미국변호사, 일리노이 변호사, 세무사 이재욱]
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1997년부터 20년 이상 한국과 미국의 변호사자격을 가지고 한국법과 미국법에 대한 서비스를 제공해왔습니다. 이재욱 변호사의 주요 업무분야와 업무경력을 확인하시려면 본 사이트의 상단 메뉴의 변호사이재욱의 경력란(Click) 을 참조하십시요. 본 변호사가 제공하는 서비스 업무분야는 본 홈페이지의 각 매뉴항목을 참조하십시요. 그러나, 이러한 메뉴는 업무분야의 예시에 불과하며, 귀하가 요구하는 모든 서비스도 모두 제공합니다.

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ATTORNEY [ licensed to practice in KOREA, U.S.A., ILLINOIS ] LEE, JAE WOOK
∗ [FOR AlienS - ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEGAL SERVICES in Counseling, Application and LITIGATION & TRIAL IN COURTS and TRIBUNALS in KOREA]
INTERNATIONAL DIVORCE, CIVIL, REAL ESTATE, PERSONAL INJURY, DAMAGES, TRAFFIC ACCIDENT, FRAUD, PENAL LAW, CRIMINAL TRIAL, FELONY, GUILTY PLEA, LEASE, RENTAL LAW, IMMIGRATION, INVESTMENT, TAX, INCORPORATION, TRADE, CONTRACT, DISPUTE IN CORPORATION, GOVERNMENT TREATMENT, REFUGEE, REMOVAL, VISA, PERMANENT RESIDENCE, CITIZENSHIP]
For more information for the services Attorney LEE provide for the Aliens who want for legal services in Korea, Please do not hesitate to click the below MENU link for "SERVICES FOR AlienS".

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[Category]
U.S.A. Process of Immigration Court (미국 연방 이민심판소 절차)
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  • U.S.A. Defense Service for Immigration Fraud and Crime (미국 연방 이민 관련 범죄자 변호, 자문 서비스)
  • U.S.A. Defense Service for Immigration Application Fraud Offenders (미국 연방 이민신청 사기 범죄자 방어 변호, 자문 서비스)
  • U.S.A. C VISA (미국 연방 경유용 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. DHS USCIS Adjudicator's Field Manual (AFM 미국 연방 국토안보부 이민국 이민심사 매뉴얼)
  • U.S.A. Department of States Foreign Affairs Manual (9 FAM VISAS of DOS. 미국 연방 주한미국대사관 영사절차 처리 매뉴얼)
  • U.S.A DOL Permanent Labor Certification Process (Program Electronic Review Management. PERM 미국 연방 노동부 취업영주권 승인 절차)
  • U.S.A. Korea-Based Consular process(DOS. 미국 연방 주한 미국 대사관 영사절차)
  • U.S.A. E1 & E2 Temporary Visa (미국 연방 투자 및 사업 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. F visa (미국 연방 학생 비자)
  • U.S.A. H visa (미국 연방 취업 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. J visa (미국 연방 방문 연구 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. K visa (미국 연방 시민권자의 배우자용 결혼 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. L visa (미국 연방 해외지사근무경험자 단기비자)
  • U.S.A. O visa & P visa (미국 연방 연예인 및 체육인 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. R visa (미국 연방 종교 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. S visa (미국 범죄수사협력자 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. T Visa & U visa (미국 연방 인신매매 & 범죄피해자 보호 단기비자)
  • U.S.A. V Visa (미국 연방 영주권자의 배우자 및 가족용 결혼 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. WAIVER for Removal by Deportability & Inadmissibility (미국 연방 입국전 및 입국후 추방 면제사유)
  • 체류기간연장(NIV EOS)
  • U.S.A. Non-Immigrant Visa Change of Status (NIV COS. 미국 연방 비이민미자 신분변경)
  • U.S.A. Removal by Inadmissibility (미국 연방 입국전 입국불허사유)
  • U.S.A. Removal by Deportability (미국 연방 입국후 거주자에 대한 추방사유)
  • U.S.A. Removal of condition for Conditional LPR( 미국 연방 조건부 결혼영주권자와 조건부 투자이민영주권자의 조건해제)
  • U.S.A. National Interest Waiver for EB-2 Immigrant Visa (NIW. 미국 연방 EB-2 이민비자 취업요건 국익면제 프로그램)
  • U.S.A. Employment-Based Immigration(미국 연방 고용이민 절차)
  • U.S.A. Family-Based Immigration(미국 연방 가족이민 절차)
  • U.S.A. Adjustment of Status to LPR (AOS. 미국 연방 신분변경에 의한 영주권 취득신청)
  • U.S.A. EB-5 Visa (미국 연방 투자이민 영주권)
  • U.S.A. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), Deferred Action for Parents of Americans(DAPA)(미국 연방 청소년 추방연기보호법, 시민권자녀의 부모추방연기보호법)
  • U.S.A. Violence Against Women Act & LPR (VAWA. 미국 연방 범죄피해여성구제법과 영주권)
  • U.S.A. USCIS Administrative Appeals Office Process (미국 연방 USCIS 행정심판소 AAO 불복 절차)
  • U.S.A. Appeal to District Court (미국 연방법원 항소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Process of Immigration Court (미국 연방 이민심판소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Board of Immigration Appeals Process (BIA. 미국 연방 이민항고심판소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Process (DHS ICE. 미국 연방 이민 및 세관 집행부서 집행절차)
  • U.S.A Removal - Basics (미국 연방 추방 절차)
[Category]
U.S.A. Process of Immigration Court (미국 연방 이민심판소 절차)


[Title]
Overview of Immigration Court Process
Start →

Immigration Court

The U.S. Immigration Courts have jurisdiction to conduct removal proceedings – the process by which the U.S. government attempts to remove an allegedly deportable foreign national. Immigration Courts also preside over bond hearings, asylum-only proceedings, and rescission hearings.

Removal proceedings are initiated by the filing of a Notice to Appear (“NTA”) with the Immigration Court. The Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) files the NTA with the Immigration Court that has jurisdiction over where the NTA is issued. Venue of the proceedings will lie where the NTA is filed.

Once the NTA is filed with the appropriate Immigration Court, the individual – the respondent – will be scheduled for a first appearance before an Immigration Judge, which is called a Master Hearing. At the Master Hearing:

The respondent is notified of the charges of removal against him/her;
The respondent will be asked to concede proper service of the NTA;
The respondent will be asked to enter pleadings to the charges against him/her;
The respondent will be asked to designate a country of removal in the event that it becomes necessary; and
The respondent can designate any form(s) of relief from removal that s/he will be seeking.
If the respondent appears for his/her first Master Hearing without an attorney, s/he shall be given time to retain the services of an attorney if desired. Respondents in removal proceedings have the right to represented by counsel of their choosing, however, they are not entitled to an attorney at the expense of the government.

Once the respondent designates the relief from removal that s/he will be seeking, the Immigration Judge will schedule an Individual Hearing (trial). At the Individual Hearing, the respondent is provided with the opportunity to present evidence in support of his/her application for admission and to call witnesses on his/her behalf. The respondent also has the right to cross-examine any witnesses against him/her.

At the end of the Individual Hearing, the Immigration Judge will render a decision. The respondent and the government will have the right to reserve appeal if they do not agree with the judge’s decision.



Board of Immigration Appeals

A decision of an Immigration Judge can be appealed to the Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”). The BIA can review decisions on the merits and also bond decisions.

A party that seeks to appeal an Immigration Court decision must file a Notice of Appeal with the BIA within 30 days of the Immigration Judge’s decision. The BIA will then order the transcript of the Immigration Court proceedings, which is then provided to the government and the respondent. The BIA then sets due dates for the respondent’s and the government’s briefs on appeal. Once both parties have filed appeal briefs, the BIA will consider the case and render a decision, which can take several months and even over one (1) year in some cases.



Bond Proceedings

Foreign nationals charged with removal are subject to detention by the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) are eligible for release on bond except those subject to mandatory detention of those who can be classified as “arriving aliens” under the INA. Bond is initially set by the DHS.

The DHS should normally set bond unless it is determined that the individual is a threat to national security, likely to abscond, or a poor bail risk.

After the DHS sets the initial bond, the detained individual may make an application for bond redetermination to an Immigration Judge. A bond hearing may be requested orally or in writing. At the bond hearing, the Immigration Judge may set, lower, or raise bond.



Mandatory Detention

Under the INA, certain classes of foreign nationals subject to removal must be detained and are not eligible for bond. These individuals subject to mandatory detention include:

Anyone inadmissible on criminal grounds;
Anyone deportable based upon commission of two (2) or more CIMTs;
Anyone deportable based upon a conviction of an aggravated felony;
Anyone convicted of a drug offense, a firearm offense, espionage, sabotage, or treason;
Anyone convicted of a CIMT for which the sentence of imprisonment is at least one (1) year; and
Persons involved in terrorist activity.


Arriving Aliens

Arriving alien are also subject to mandatory detention. An “arriving alien” is an applicant for admission coming or attempting to come to the U.S. at a port of entry. While an arriving alien is not eligible for bond, these individuals are eligible for release from custody on parole. A request for parole is made to the DHS. The factors to be considered when determining whether to grant a parole request include:

Seriousness of the offense;
Prior criminal history;
Any sentence imposed and any time served;
History of failures to appear;
Probationary history;
Evidence of rehabilitation effort or recidivism;
Equities in the U.S.;
Availability of relief and likelihood it would be granted; and
Prior immigration violations and history.





* 관리자님에 의해서 게시물 이동되었습니다 (2016-05-05 13:30)
← End



[Title]
Overview of Immigration Court Process



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