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ATTORNEY [ licensed to practice in KOREA, U.S.A., ILLINOIS ] LEE, JAE WOOK
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[Category]
U.S.A. Family-Based Immigration(미국 연방 가족이민 절차)


[Title]
Dealing with Form I-864 Requests for Evidence
Start →





Dealing with Form I-864 Requests for Evidence


During the May 15, 2015 AILA liaison meeting
a) with the National Benefits Center (NBC),

NBC officials stated that
a) they issue more Requests for Evidence (RFEs)
i) in connection with Form I-864,
A) Affidavit of Support,
ii) than they do
A) for any other product line.

The NBC confirmed that
a) contract employees perform the initial screening
i) of Form I-864
ii) based on a set of checklist criteria.

While the use
a) of contractors

  may be necessary
a) for overall process efficiency,

1) anecdotal reports
a) from AILA members

  indicate that
a) the issuance
i) of erroneous I-864 RFEs

  are not uncommon.

The AILA NBC Liaison Committee continues to raise this issue
        a) with the NBC
        b) in an effort to stop the issuance
                i) of these unnecessary RFEs.

In the meantime,

this practice pointer provides tips
        a) for dealing with one of the more common issues.

Although the NBC did not provide a copy of the contractor checklist,

1) it appears that
        a) RFEs are often issued
        b) where the total income
                i) for the most recent tax year
                ii) listed in Part 6,
                        A) Item 19
                                I) of Form I-864

            is less than the federal poverty guidelines
                i) based on the sponsor’s household size.





These RFEs request
        a) evidence of assets
                i) to make up the perceived shortage
                        A) of income or
        b) an I-864
                i) from a joint sponsor.


However,

        a) the regulations and
        b) USCIS guidance

1) are clear that
        a) the focus should be on the sponsor’s current income,
                i) not income
                        A) as reported on the federal tax return
                                I) for the most recent tax year.

When an RFE is issued
        a) in connection with the Affidavit of Support,

1) interim benefits
        a) such as
                i) employment authorization and
                ii) advance parole

    are delayed
2) until an adequate RFE response is submitted to the NBC.

In order to avoid such delays,

1) practitioners should keep the following points in mind:

        a. While the initial Form I-864 is screened
                i) at the NBC
                ii) by contractors,

                1) the RFE response is reviewed
                        A) by a USCIS officer.

                The NBC clearly stated
                        A) at the May 15, 2015 liaison meeting
                        B) that it will not forward a case
                                I) to the local office
                        C) if it believes that
                                I) the I-864 is inadequate
                                        (a) following an RFE response.0F


                In such cases,

                the NBC will deny the Form I-485
                        A) due to the insufficiency of the RFE response.

        b. In an effort
                i) to avoid an RFE
                        A) in situations
                                I) where the total income
                                        (a) for the most recent tax year
                                                (i) listed in Part 6, Item 19
                                                        (A) of the Form I-864

                                    is less
                                        (a) than the federal poverty guidelines,

                1) include documentation
                        A) to substantiate the sponsor’s current household income
                                I) (as listed in Part 6,
                                        (a) Item 2 and
                                        (b) Item 15
                                                (i) of the I-864).





                Although such documentation is not required initial evidence,

                1) it may assist the NBC contractor
                        A) in determining
                                I) that the I-864 is in fact sufficient.1


        c. When responding to an RFE
                i) that you believe is incorrect,

                1) make your strongest legal arguments
                        A) as to why you believe your initial I-864 was adequate.



1. Note that the NBC approach is different than the National Visa Center (NVC) approach where the NVC will forward Form I-864 to the consulate following the issuance of an I-864 checklist letter and response.


                You should also be prepared
                        A) to submit the documentation requested,
                                I) which would be either
                                        (a) evidence of the sponsor’s assets
                                                (i) to cover any perceived shortage
                                                        (A) in income or
                                        (b) an I-864
                                                (i) completed by a joint sponsor.

                Consider including language
                        A) directing the USCIS adjudicator
                                I) to consider the joint sponsor’s I-864
                                        (a) only as an alternative
                                        
                1) should the adjudicator still deem
                        A) the I-864 and
                        B) supporting documentation
                                I) insufficient
                                II) after review of the RFE response.

                You should renew this request
                        A) with the local USCIS adjudicator
                        B) at the time
                                I) of the adjustment of status interview.

        d. Prepare yourself and your clients
                i) for the possibility of an RFE

                1) where the total income
                        A) for the most recent tax year
                                I) listed in Part 6, Item 19 of the Form I-864

                    is less than the federal poverty guidelines
                        A) based on the sponsor’s household size, and
                2) where there may be a legal argument
                        A) as to how or why the sponsor’s income is adequate
                        B) (for example,
                                I) where assets are being used
                                        (a) for overcoming an income shortage or
                                II) where non-traditional sources
                                        (a) of income

                                    are being used
                                        (a) to demonstrate the sponsor’s current income).
← End



[Title]
Dealing with Form I-864 Requests for Evidence



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