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[한국변호사, 미국변호사, 일리노이 변호사, 세무사 이재욱]
[개인과 기업을 위한 모든 법률문제를 유료로만 서비스합니다. 본 사무실은 진행사건 위임의 경우를 제외하고는 무료서비스는 일체 제공하지 않습니다.] 유료서비스내역은 FEE, 상담메뉴란의 유료상담안내메(Click)를 참조하십시요.
1997년부터 20년 이상 한국과 미국의 변호사자격을 가지고 한국법과 미국법에 대한 서비스를 제공해왔습니다. 이재욱 변호사의 주요 업무분야와 업무경력을 확인하시려면 본 사이트의 상단 메뉴의 변호사이재욱의 경력란(Click) 을 참조하십시요. 본 변호사가 제공하는 서비스 업무분야는 본 홈페이지의 각 매뉴항목을 참조하십시요. 그러나, 이러한 메뉴는 업무분야의 예시에 불과하며, 귀하가 요구하는 모든 서비스도 모두 제공합니다.

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ATTORNEY [ licensed to practice in KOREA, U.S.A., ILLINOIS ] LEE, JAE WOOK
∗ [FOR AlienS - ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEGAL SERVICES in Counseling, Application and LITIGATION & TRIAL IN COURTS and TRIBUNALS in KOREA]
INTERNATIONAL DIVORCE, CIVIL, REAL ESTATE, PERSONAL INJURY, DAMAGES, TRAFFIC ACCIDENT, FRAUD, PENAL LAW, CRIMINAL TRIAL, FELONY, GUILTY PLEA, LEASE, RENTAL LAW, IMMIGRATION, INVESTMENT, TAX, INCORPORATION, TRADE, CONTRACT, DISPUTE IN CORPORATION, GOVERNMENT TREATMENT, REFUGEE, REMOVAL, VISA, PERMANENT RESIDENCE, CITIZENSHIP]
For more information for the services Attorney LEE provide for the Aliens who want for legal services in Korea, Please do not hesitate to click the below MENU link for "SERVICES FOR AlienS".

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[Category]
U.S.A. Family-Based Immigration(미국 연방 가족이민 절차)
  • 미국이민뉴스
  • U.S.A. Immigration PRACTITION TIP (미국 연방 이민 실무 Tip)
  • U.S.A. Defense Service for Immigration Fraud and Crime (미국 연방 이민 관련 범죄자 변호, 자문 서비스)
  • U.S.A. Defense Service for Immigration Application Fraud Offenders (미국 연방 이민신청 사기 범죄자 방어 변호, 자문 서비스)
  • U.S.A. C VISA (미국 연방 경유용 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. DHS USCIS Adjudicator's Field Manual (AFM 미국 연방 국토안보부 이민국 이민심사 매뉴얼)
  • U.S.A. Department of States Foreign Affairs Manual (9 FAM VISAS of DOS. 미국 연방 주한미국대사관 영사절차 처리 매뉴얼)
  • U.S.A DOL Permanent Labor Certification Process (Program Electronic Review Management. PERM 미국 연방 노동부 취업영주권 승인 절차)
  • U.S.A. Korea-Based Consular process(DOS. 미국 연방 주한 미국 대사관 영사절차)
  • U.S.A. E1 & E2 Temporary Visa (미국 연방 투자 및 사업 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. F visa (미국 연방 학생 비자)
  • U.S.A. H visa (미국 연방 취업 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. J visa (미국 연방 방문 연구 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. K visa (미국 연방 시민권자의 배우자용 결혼 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. L visa (미국 연방 해외지사근무경험자 단기비자)
  • U.S.A. O visa & P visa (미국 연방 연예인 및 체육인 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. R visa (미국 연방 종교 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. S visa (미국 범죄수사협력자 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. T Visa & U visa (미국 연방 인신매매 & 범죄피해자 보호 단기비자)
  • U.S.A. V Visa (미국 연방 영주권자의 배우자 및 가족용 결혼 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. WAIVER for Removal by Deportability & Inadmissibility (미국 연방 입국전 및 입국후 추방 면제사유)
  • 체류기간연장(NIV EOS)
  • U.S.A. Non-Immigrant Visa Change of Status (NIV COS. 미국 연방 비이민미자 신분변경)
  • U.S.A. Removal by Inadmissibility (미국 연방 입국전 입국불허사유)
  • U.S.A. Removal by Deportability (미국 연방 입국후 거주자에 대한 추방사유)
  • U.S.A. Removal of condition for Conditional LPR( 미국 연방 조건부 결혼영주권자와 조건부 투자이민영주권자의 조건해제)
  • U.S.A. National Interest Waiver for EB-2 Immigrant Visa (NIW. 미국 연방 EB-2 이민비자 취업요건 국익면제 프로그램)
  • U.S.A. Employment-Based Immigration(미국 연방 고용이민 절차)
  • U.S.A. Family-Based Immigration(미국 연방 가족이민 절차)
  • U.S.A. Adjustment of Status to LPR (AOS. 미국 연방 신분변경에 의한 영주권 취득신청)
  • U.S.A. EB-5 Visa (미국 연방 투자이민 영주권)
  • U.S.A. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), Deferred Action for Parents of Americans(DAPA)(미국 연방 청소년 추방연기보호법, 시민권자녀의 부모추방연기보호법)
  • U.S.A. Violence Against Women Act & LPR (VAWA. 미국 연방 범죄피해여성구제법과 영주권)
  • U.S.A. USCIS Administrative Appeals Office Process (미국 연방 USCIS 행정심판소 AAO 불복 절차)
  • U.S.A. Appeal to District Court (미국 연방법원 항소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Process of Immigration Court (미국 연방 이민심판소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Board of Immigration Appeals Process (BIA. 미국 연방 이민항고심판소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Process (DHS ICE. 미국 연방 이민 및 세관 집행부서 집행절차)
  • U.S.A Removal - Basics (미국 연방 추방 절차)
[Category]
U.S.A. Family-Based Immigration(미국 연방 가족이민 절차)


[Title]
Family Based Green Cards
Start →

Family Preference Categories

One of the two common pathways to obtaining lawful permanent resident status (i.e. a green card) in the United States is through the approval of a family-based immigrant petition (the other common pathway way is through an employment-based immigrant petition). A family-based immigrant petition can be filed by a U.S. citizen or Lawful Permanent Resident for a foreign national (and their family, in certain circumstances), if the requisite familial relationship exists.

The Immigration & Nationality Act divides different familial relationships into different family-based preference categories, based on whether the petitioning individual is a U.S. citizen or a Lawful Permanent Resident. Some family members will be subject to priority date backlogs and some will be able to classify as Immediate Relatives.

In order for the foreign national family member to obtain their green card, the first stage involves the U.S. citizen or a Lawful Permanent Resident filing an Form I-130 for their foreign national relative (see I-130 Immediate Relative and/or I-130). After filing and subsequent approval of the family-based immigrant petition, and if/when their priority date is current (if applicable), the foreign national can apply for adjustment of status from within the United States or can pursue their lawful permanent resident status from outside the United States through Immigrant Visa Processing (IVP).



Immediate Relatives

INA §203, defines the following group of individuals as Immediate Relatives under the INA.

Husband or Wife of a U.S. Citizen;
Unmarried Child under age 21 of a U.S. Citizen;
Mother or Father of a adult U.S. Citizen;
The biggest advantage of being classified as an immediate relative for U.S. immigration purposes is not being subject to preference categories and their accompanying priority date backlogs, since immigrant visas are always available under the immediate relative category.



Family-Based Preference Categories

Under INA §203, the remaining familial relationships are accorded the following family-preference categories:

Unmarried Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizens – First Preference Category (F1)
Son and/or Daughter may be of any age
Son and/or Daughter may also bring their unmarried children under age 21
Spouses and Children, and Unmarried Sons and Daughters of Lawful Permanent Residents – Second Preference Category (F-2)
Spouses and Children (F-2A)
Children under this category must be unmarried and under age 21
Unmarried Sons and Daughters (F-2B)
Applicable to unmarried children age 21 or older
Son and/or Daughter may also bring their unmarried children under age 21
Married Sons and Daughters of U. S. Citizens – Third Preference Category (F-3)
Son and/or Daughter may be of any age
Son and/or Daughter may also bring their spouse
Son and/or Daughter may also bring their unmarried children under age 21
Brothers and Sisters of adult U.S. Citizens – Fourth Preference Category (F-4)
Brother and/or Sister may be of any age
Brother and/or Sister may also bring their spouse
Brother and/or Sister may also bring their unmarried children under age 21


Defining a “Child” under the INA

The term “child” is specifically defined under INA §101(b). The term generally refers to an unmarried person under 21 years of age. However, whether a foreign national is to be considered a “child” under the INA is dependent upon a myriad of factors including whether the foreign national was born in or out of wedlock, whether a step-parent/step-child relationship existed prior to the foreign national reaching 18 years of age, whether the parent-child relationship exists due to adoption, etc. See also INA §210(f)

Additionally, a foreign national over the age of 21 may still meet the definition of “child” under the INA as a result of the Child Status Protection Act (CSPA) in certain circumstances.



Priority Dates

Explanation of Priority Dates

Priority Dates are a U.S. immigration concept assigned to those family-based immigrant petitions that are subject to preference categories. A foreign national’s priority date is the date the immigrant petition was properly filed with USCIS on the foreign national’s behalf by the U.S. citizen or Lawful Permanent Resident petitioner. This date can be found on the Receipt Notice and/or subsequent Approval Notice issued by USCIS.

If the foreign national has a priority date on or before the listed date in the Visa Bulletin issued by the U.S. Department of State, then the foreign national is currently eligible for an immigrant visa and may proceed to the second and final stage of the green card process either through adjustment of status or through Immigrant Visa Processing (IVP).

Waiting for Priority Dates to be Current

Because the demand for immigrant visas frequently is higher than the supply for immigrant visas, foreign nationals with approved immigrant petitions must wait in line until their priority date becomes current. Through the years, this has caused backlogs in several preference categories which can often result in a waiting period of several years. Additionally, the priority dates sometimes retrogress and delay the process even further.

The length of time a foreign national must wait “in line” before receiving an immigrant visa or adjusting status depends on:

The demand for and supply of immigrant visa numbers (how many petitions are being filed)
The per country visa limitations (some countries are subject to special “lines” because of the demand stemming from those countries including: India, China, Mexico, Philippines)
The number of visas allocated for the applicable preference category (which preference category the foreign national belongs to)
Visa Bulletin Issued by U.S. Department of State
The U.S. Department of State publishes a monthly report of visa availability which is commonly referred to as the Visa Bulletin. The Visa Bulletin provides serves as a guide for petitioners, beneficiaries, government agencies, and immigration law practitioners to know what priority dates are current and therefore who can proceed to the next step of the immigration process. The current and previous Visa Bulletins can be found here.



Upgrading/Downgrading Family Preference Categories

Considering that it may take many years in some situations for a priority date to become current, there is a chance that the foreign national who previously qualified under a particular preference category is no longer eligible for the particular preference category, but may be eligible for another. This is true for those preference categories which require the foreign national to be married/unmarried and impose age requirements, or if a lawful permanent resident petitioner becomes a U.S. citizen, or if a petitioner passes away.

As lives go on, while the priority date remains pending, a foreign national may upgrade or downgrade in family-preference categories by either automatically converting to another preference category, requesting that USCIS transfer them to another preference category, or they may sometimes no longer be eligible for a preference category.



References

INA §203, §210(b), §101(b)

Revised by Nisha V. Fontaine, Esq. on December 26, 2011

____________________________________________________________________________________________

1. For a U.S. citizen to petition for their mother and/or father, they must be age 21 or older. INA §201(b)(2)(A)(i)

2. For a U.S. citizen to petition for their brother and/or sister, they must be age 21 or older.

3. Those foreign nationals that are eligible as Immediate Relatives are not assigned priority dates since there is always an immigrant visa available for those foreign nationals.
* 관리자님에 의해서 게시물 이동되었습니다 (2016-05-05 13:29)
← End



[Title]
Family Based Green Cards



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