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31.2 General Requirements for H Petitions.
관리자  (Homepage)
2016-05-11 17:17:02, 조회 : 367, 추천 : 87
(a) General.

        a) Petition filing requirements,
        b) requirements for maintaining status and
        c) requirements for obtaining
                i) an extension of stay or
                ii) change of nonimmigrant status

1) are discussed
        a) in Chapter 30 of this manual.

General adjudicative practices are discussed
        a) in Chapter 10.



The remainder
        a) of this chapter

1) deals with the adjudication
        a) of Form I-129 petitions
                i) for all H-class temporary workers.

Regulations
        a) governing
                i) the filing and
                ii) adjudication
                        (a) of these petitions

1) may be located
        a) at 8 CFR 214.2(h).

Also helpful are the instructions
        a) for Form I-129.

These
        a) regulations and
        b) instructions

1) are detailed and somewhat complex,
2) because the requirements
        a) of the statute itself

    are complex.

(b) Filing of Petitions.

(1) Filing Location.

A petition
        a) to classify a worker
                i) under section 101(a)(15)(H) of the Act

1) must be filed
        a) with the service center
                i) which has jurisdiction over H petitions
                        (a) in the area of intended employment,
        b) except in emergent situations.

Petitions are filed
        a) at the service center

1) unless there is an emergent situation
        a) as directed by HQOPRD.

In such a case,

the district officer must
        a) obtain a file number
                i) from the service center and
        b) send the file
                i) to the service center
                ii) after disposition
                iii) for records retention.

The service centers do not have jurisdiction
        a) over special filing situations,
                i) such as petitions for Canadian woodsmen.

Such petitions are filed
        a) with
                i) the local district office or
                ii) a designated USCIS office.
(See Appendix 31-4 for a list of such “special filing situation” cases.)

(2) Who Can File the petition.

Although the statute requires the employer
        a) to file an H petition,

1) USCIS allows others
        a) to file for the employer
                i) to accommodate some situations:

        a) H-1B petition.
                i) A U.S. employer or
                ii) an agent
                        (a) where appropriate

                    may file the petition.

        b) H-1C petition (nurses).
                i) A “facility”
                        A) as defined
                                I) by Department of Labor regulations
                                II) at 20 CFR 655.1102

                    may file the petition.

        c) H-2A petition. (Agriculture)
                i) A U.S. employer,
                ii) the employer’s agent, or
                iii) an association
                        A) of U.S. agricultural producers
                        B) named as a joint employer
                                I) on the labor certification

                    may file the petition.
        d) H-2B petition. (Aon-agriculture)
                i) A U.S. employer,
                ii) a U.S. agent, or
                iii) a foreign employer
                        i) filing through a U.S. agent

                   may file the petition.

        e) H-3 petition. (Trainee)
                A U.S. employer must file the petition.

(3) Services in More than One Location.

Such petitions are usually filed
        a) by an agent
                i) who is representing numerous employers
                        (a) in various locations, or
        b) by one employer
                i) which has work
                        (a) to be performed by the beneficiary
                        (b) in more than one location.

A detailed itinerary is required
        a) to accompany the petition.

The procedure
        a) where each employer must file a separate petition
                i) in order for the alien
                        (a) to work part-time
                                (i) for multiple employers

1) does not apply
        a) in petitions
                i) filed by agents. [See 8 CFR 214.2(h)(2)(i)(B).]

(4) Amended Petition.

An amended petition requires the same filing fee
        a) as a new petition.

Because the amended petition supplements the original petition,

1) documentation does not have to be duplicated
        a) in the amended petition.

However,

an amended petition must be accompanied
        a) by evidence
                i) addressing the change
                        (a) which necessitated the filing of the amended petition.

(5) Agents as Petitioners.

A United States agent may file a petition
        a) in cases involving
                i) workers
                        A) who are
                                I) traditionally
                                II) self-employed or
                ii) workers
                        A) who use agents
                                I) to arrange short-term employment
                                        (a) on their behalf
                                        (b) with numerous employers, and
        b) in cases
                i) where a foreign employer authorizes the agent
                        A) to act in it behalf.

A United States agent may be:
        a) The actual employer
                i) of the beneficiary;
        b) The representative of both
                i) the employer and
                ii) the beneficiary;
        c) A person or entity
                i) authorized by the employer
                        A) to act
                                I) for, or
                                II) in the place of,
                                        (a) the employer
                                III) as its agent.

Whenever the beneficiary(ies) will be employed
        a) by a single employer,

1) the actual employer(s) must file the petition.

USCIS reserves the right
        a) to require information
                i) from
                        A) the actual employers and
                        B) beneficiary(ies).

The itinerary
        a) of firm engagements
        b) provided by the agent

1) is acceptable
        a) in lieu of signed contracts,
2) unless the adjudicator has reason
        a) to believe
                i) the statements are not true and correct.

However,

the adjudicator should request any additional information
        a) from the petitioning agent.

Speculative employment should not be included
        a) in an itinerary.

When the agent,
        a) such as a modeling agency,
        
   is functioning
        a) as the employer,

1) a contract
        a) between
                i) the agency and
                ii) the alien,
        b) guaranteeing
                i) the wages and
                ii) conditions
                        A) of employment,

    must accompany the petition.

(6) Named Beneficiaries.

Nonagricultural H petitions must identify the beneficiary
        a) (or beneficiaries)
        b) by
                i) name and
                ii) other information
                        A) required on Form I-129,

1) except in emergent situations
        a) involving multiple H-2B aliens. [See 8 CFR 214.2(h)(2)(iii).]

(A) Emergent Situations.

The decision
        a) not to require names
                i) in an emergent situation

1) is a discretionary one
        a) which the director must make.

The petitioner’s inability
        a) to provide names
                i) at the time
                        A) the petition is adjudicated

1) should be due to circumstances
        a) which the petitioner
                i) could not anticipate or
                ii) could not control.


        a) The names and
        b) evidence
                i) that the aliens meet the requirements
                        A) of the labor certification

1) must be provided
        a) by the petitioner
        b) to
                i) the port of entry or
                ii) the consular officer
        c) prior to
                i) their admission
                        A) at a port of entry or
                ii) application for a visa.

(B) Multiple Petitions Using the Same Labor Certification.

The petitioner may
        a) file multiple petitions
                i) at different times
                        A) as the names of aliens become known, and
        b) use copies of
                i) the same labor certification
                ii) until all of the positions
                        A) covered by the labor certification

                    have been filled.

Each subsequent petition must refer to the petition number
        a) of all previously filed petitions
                i) using that labor certification,

1) if available to the petitioner.

(7) Multiple Petitions.

An H-1B beneficiary can work
        a) simultaneously
        b) for more than one employer,

1) provided each files a separate petition
        a) with its own LCA.

Such separate petitions are not necessary

1) if an agent serves
        a) as the sole petitioner.

(c) Effect of a Prior H-petition Approval.

Evidence
        a) of prior approvals
        b) as a form of documentation
                i) on a subsequent new petition

1) cannot serve
        a) as the basis
                i) for future eligibility.

Knowledge
        a) of prior approval
                i) of an H petition

1) can be helpful to USCIS
2) when considered
        a) along with other evidence eligibility.

A prior approval, however, does not obligate USCIS
        a) to approve a subsequent petition or
        b) relieve the petitioner
                i) of providing sufficient documentation
                        A) to establish current eligibility.

(d) Limits on a Temporary Stay. [Revised by 12/5/06, AD06-29]

(1) Principal Alien.

Specific limits
        a) on what is regarded
                i) as a temporary period of stay
                        A) in all H classifications

1) are included
        a) in the regulations
        b) to reflect the temporary nature
                i) of these classifications and
        c) to achieve consistency
                i) in the handling of requests
                        (a) for extensions of stay.


        a) The maximum time limit
                i) in an H classification and
        b) the requirement
                i) to reside abroad
                        (a) upon expiration of this period

1) cannot be avoided by
        a) leaving the United States
                i) before the expiration of the maximum time limit and
        b) reentering
                i) within a short period of time
                ii) under a new petition.

In such cases,

the approval period
        a) of the new petition

1) shall
        a) be consistent with and
        b) count towards
                i) the maximum time limit
                        (a) on an alien’s temporary stay.

A new period
        a) of authorized stay

1) may begin
2) only
        a) when the alien has resided
                i) outside the United States
                ii) for a period
                        A) required by the classification, or
        b) when the alien qualifies for an exemption
                i) from limits
                        A) on the maximum period of stay
                        B) as discussed below.

(2) Spouse and Dependents. [Revised by 11/11/13, AD13-12]

Limitations
        a) on the duration of time
                i) spent in
                        A) H-1B,
                        B) H-2, or
                        C) H-3 nonimmigrant status

1) refer only to the principal worker
        a) in H status and
2) do not apply
        a) independently
        b) to the principal worker’s dependent
                i) spouse and
                ii) children.

Normal rules
        a) for maintenance of derivative status

1) still apply
        a) such that the dependent may remain
                i) in the United States
                ii) only for the purpose of family unity
                        (a) with the principal worker.

Time
        a) spent as an H-4 dependent

1) does not count
        a) against the maximum allowable period of stay
                i) for principals
                        A) in
                                I) H-1B,
                                II) H-2, or
                                III) H-3 status.

Thus,

a foreign national
        a) who was
                i) previously
                ii) an H-4 nonimmigrant and
                
            subsequently becomes
                i) an H-1B,         
                ii) H-2, or
                iii) H-3 principal

1) may be eligible
        a) for the maximum period of stay
                i) allowed under
                        A) the H-1B,
                        B) H-2 or
                        C) H-3 classifications.

Furthermore,

a principal
        a) H-1B,
        b) H-2, or
        c) H-3 nonimmigrant
                i) who
                        A) subsequently
                        B) changes to H-4 status

1) may remain
        a) in the new derivative status
2) for as long as the principal foreign national spouse maintains that principal status.

The application
        a) for a change of status
                i) to H-4

1) must be properly filed
        a) before
                i) the H-1B,
                ii) H-2, or
                iii) H-3 foreign national

            has spent
                i) the maximum allowable period of stay
                        (a) in the United States.

USCIS may
        a) limit,
        b) deny, or
        c) refer for removal
                i) an H-4 dependent
                        A) that is not primarily intended
                                I) for the purpose of
                                        I) being with the principal worker
                                                (a) in the United States.

Therefore,

        a) a spouse or
        b) child

1) may be required to show that
        a) the requested stay is not intended
                i) to evade the normal requirements
                        A) of the nonimmigrant classification
                                I) that otherwise would apply
                                II) when the principal foreign national is absent
                                        (a) from the United States.

USCIS officers may adjudicate applications
        a) for dependent stays
        b) in order to prevent an H-1B nonimmigrant
                i) from using only occasional work visits to the United States
                        (a) in order to “park” the family members
                                (i) in the United States
                                (ii) for extended periods
                                        (A) while the principal alien is normally absent.

(3) Seasonal, Intermittent or Aggregate Periods of Employment of Six Months or Less.

The limitation
        a) on the total period of stay

1) does not apply to
        a) H-1B,
        b) H-1C,
        c) H-2B, or
        d) H-3 aliens
                i) who do not reside
                        A) continually
                        B) in the United States and
                ii) whose employment in the United States is
                        A) seasonal or
                        B) intermittent or
                        C) for an aggregate of six months or less per year.

Further,

the limitations do not apply to aliens
        a) who
                i) reside abroad and
                ii) regularly commute to the United States
                        (a) to engage in part-time employment.

To qualify for this exception,

        a) the petitioner and
        b) the alien

1) must provide clear and convincing proof
        a) that the alien qualifies for such an exception.

Such proof shall consist of evidence
        a) such as
                i) arrival and departure records,
                ii) copies of tax returns, and
                iii) records of employment abroad.

(4) Exemptions to Limitations of Stay. [Revised by 5/30/08, AD08-06].

The limitation
        a) on the total period of stay

1) does not apply to H 1B aliens
2) when,
        a) as of the date
                i) of filing the extension request:

        b)
                i) 365 or more days have passed
                        A) since the filing
                                I) of any application for labor certification,
                                        (a) Forms
                                                (i) ETA 750
                                                http://www.foreignlaborcert.doleta.gov/750inst.cfm or
                                                (ii) ETA 9089,
                                        (b) that is
                                                (i) required or
                                                (ii) used
                                                        (A) by the alien
                                                        (B) to obtain status
                                                                (I) as an EB immigrant; and


Application for Alien Employment Certification ETA-750A (must be submitted two-sided). (Acrobat Reader Required).
Application for Alien Employment Certification ETA-750B (must be submitted two-sided).(Acrobat Reader Required).
Labor Certification: ETA 750 or ETA 9089?
ETA 750 is an older version of the form required to get labor certification from the department of labor - which allows a U.S. employer to sponsor and hire foreign workers.
The short answer to this question is simply that Form 9089 is a later version of the form once known as ETA 750. Both forms were created by the U.S. Department of Labor as part of the process of obtaining "labor certification" for a non-U.S. citizen who wishes to apply for a U.S green card (lawful permanent residence) based on employment.

Read on for a little more background on this form, and links to more information on labor certification, PERM, and employment-based immigration laws.

What Are These ETA Forms Used For?

Like the ETA 750 that preceded it, ETA 9089 is an application form to be filled out by a U.S. employer that wishes to hire a foreign employee

                ii) the labor certification,
                        A) if approved,
                
                   has not been revoked,
                   is unexpired or
                   has been timely filed
                        A) with an EB petition
                        B) within the labor certification’s validity period; or

        c) 365 or more days have passed
                i) since the filing
                        A) of an EB immigrant petition
                                I) that is still pending; or

        d) The alien
                i) is the beneficiary of
                        A) an approved EB immigration petition and
                ii) is not able to file
                        B) to adjust status to U.S. permanent legal residence
                                I) based on the unavailability
                                        (a) of an immigrant visa number.

(5) Applying for Exemptions to Limitations of Stay.

In sections
        a) 106 and
        b) 104(c)
                i) of AC21
                ii) [link to “Sec. 11030A.
                        A) Extension of H-1B status
                                I) for aliens with lengthy adjudications”
                        B) on the I-Link Public Laws Amending the INA],

Congress provided exemptions
        a) from maximum stay rules
                i) for certain H-1B aliens who
                        (a) were being sponsored
                                (i) by employers
                                (ii) for permanent residence and
                        (b) were subject to long delays either
                                (i) for government processing or
                                (ii) for visa numbers.

The relevant subsections emphasize exemption
        a) from the maximum admission
                i) under INA section 214(g)(4).

Congress did not restrict eligibility
        a) for additional periods of admission
                i) beyond the maximum six years
        b) to only requests
                i) for extension of stay.

A qualified alien need not be in H-1B status
        a) in order to benefit

* 관리자님에 의해서 게시물 복사되었습니다 (2016-05-11 17:52)


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변호사 이재욱(한국, 미국)
우)06653
서울특별시 서초구 서초동 1589-5 센츄리1 오피스텔 412호
서울특별시 서초구 반포대로14길 30 (센츄리오피스텔) 412호.
Suite 412, Banpo-daero 14-gil 30, Seocho-gu, Seoul, Korea, 06653

email: jawala.lee@gmail.com
연락전화: +82-010-6350-1799 / 미국전화: +1-323-553-1799

세금과 법률, 부동산경매, 토지수용, 이민
(TAX & LAW, REAL ESTATE, IMMIGRATION)

TAX & LAW, ART DEALING, IMMIGRATION
ATTORNEY AT LAW(KOREA, USA, ILLINOIS)
KOREA CELL: +82-010-6350-1799 / U.S.A., CELL: +1-323-553-1799
email: jawala.lee@gmail.com
우)06653
Suite 412, Banpo-daero 14-gil 30, Seocho-gu, Seoul, Korea, 06653