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[한국변호사, 미국변호사, 일리노이 변호사, 세무사 이재욱]
[개인과 기업을 위한 모든 법률문제를 유료로만 서비스합니다. 본 사무실은 진행사건 위임의 경우를 제외하고는 무료서비스는 일체 제공하지 않습니다.] 유료서비스내역은 FEE, 상담메뉴란의 유료상담안내메(Click)를 참조하십시요.
1997년부터 20년 이상 한국과 미국의 변호사자격을 가지고 한국법과 미국법에 대한 서비스를 제공해왔습니다. 이재욱 변호사의 주요 업무분야와 업무경력을 확인하시려면 본 사이트의 상단 메뉴의 변호사이재욱의 경력란(Click) 을 참조하십시요. 본 변호사가 제공하는 서비스 업무분야는 본 홈페이지의 각 매뉴항목을 참조하십시요. 그러나, 이러한 메뉴는 업무분야의 예시에 불과하며, 귀하가 요구하는 모든 서비스도 모두 제공합니다.

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ATTORNEY [ licensed to practice in KOREA, U.S.A., ILLINOIS ] LEE, JAE WOOK
∗ [FOR AlienS - ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEGAL SERVICES in Counseling, Application and LITIGATION & TRIAL IN COURTS and TRIBUNALS in KOREA]
INTERNATIONAL DIVORCE, CIVIL, REAL ESTATE, PERSONAL INJURY, DAMAGES, TRAFFIC ACCIDENT, FRAUD, PENAL LAW, CRIMINAL TRIAL, FELONY, GUILTY PLEA, LEASE, RENTAL LAW, IMMIGRATION, INVESTMENT, TAX, INCORPORATION, TRADE, CONTRACT, DISPUTE IN CORPORATION, GOVERNMENT TREATMENT, REFUGEE, REMOVAL, VISA, PERMANENT RESIDENCE, CITIZENSHIP]
For more information for the services Attorney LEE provide for the Aliens who want for legal services in Korea, Please do not hesitate to click the below MENU link for "SERVICES FOR AlienS".

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[Category]
U.S.A DOL Permanent Labor Certification Process (Program Electronic Review Management. PERM 미국 연방 노동부 취업영주권 승인 절차)
  • 미국이민뉴스
  • U.S.A. Immigration PRACTITION TIP (미국 연방 이민 실무 Tip)
  • U.S.A. Defense Service for Immigration Fraud and Crime (미국 연방 이민 관련 범죄자 변호, 자문 서비스)
  • U.S.A. Defense Service for Immigration Application Fraud Offenders (미국 연방 이민신청 사기 범죄자 방어 변호, 자문 서비스)
  • U.S.A. C VISA (미국 연방 경유용 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. DHS USCIS Adjudicator's Field Manual (AFM 미국 연방 국토안보부 이민국 이민심사 매뉴얼)
  • U.S.A. Department of States Foreign Affairs Manual (9 FAM VISAS of DOS. 미국 연방 주한미국대사관 영사절차 처리 매뉴얼)
  • U.S.A DOL Permanent Labor Certification Process (Program Electronic Review Management. PERM 미국 연방 노동부 취업영주권 승인 절차)
  • U.S.A. Korea-Based Consular process(DOS. 미국 연방 주한 미국 대사관 영사절차)
  • U.S.A. E1 & E2 Temporary Visa (미국 연방 투자 및 사업 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. F visa (미국 연방 학생 비자)
  • U.S.A. H visa (미국 연방 취업 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. J visa (미국 연방 방문 연구 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. K visa (미국 연방 시민권자의 배우자용 결혼 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. L visa (미국 연방 해외지사근무경험자 단기비자)
  • U.S.A. O visa & P visa (미국 연방 연예인 및 체육인 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. R visa (미국 연방 종교 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. S visa (미국 범죄수사협력자 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. T Visa & U visa (미국 연방 인신매매 & 범죄피해자 보호 단기비자)
  • U.S.A. V Visa (미국 연방 영주권자의 배우자 및 가족용 결혼 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. WAIVER for Removal by Deportability & Inadmissibility (미국 연방 입국전 및 입국후 추방 면제사유)
  • 체류기간연장(NIV EOS)
  • U.S.A. Non-Immigrant Visa Change of Status (NIV COS. 미국 연방 비이민미자 신분변경)
  • U.S.A. Removal by Inadmissibility (미국 연방 입국전 입국불허사유)
  • U.S.A. Removal by Deportability (미국 연방 입국후 거주자에 대한 추방사유)
  • U.S.A. Removal of condition for Conditional LPR( 미국 연방 조건부 결혼영주권자와 조건부 투자이민영주권자의 조건해제)
  • U.S.A. National Interest Waiver for EB-2 Immigrant Visa (NIW. 미국 연방 EB-2 이민비자 취업요건 국익면제 프로그램)
  • U.S.A. Employment-Based Immigration(미국 연방 고용이민 절차)
  • U.S.A. Family-Based Immigration(미국 연방 가족이민 절차)
  • U.S.A. Adjustment of Status to LPR (AOS. 미국 연방 신분변경에 의한 영주권 취득신청)
  • U.S.A. EB-5 Visa (미국 연방 투자이민 영주권)
  • U.S.A. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), Deferred Action for Parents of Americans(DAPA)(미국 연방 청소년 추방연기보호법, 시민권자녀의 부모추방연기보호법)
  • U.S.A. Violence Against Women Act & LPR (VAWA. 미국 연방 범죄피해여성구제법과 영주권)
  • U.S.A. USCIS Administrative Appeals Office Process (미국 연방 USCIS 행정심판소 AAO 불복 절차)
  • U.S.A. Appeal to District Court (미국 연방법원 항소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Process of Immigration Court (미국 연방 이민심판소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Board of Immigration Appeals Process (BIA. 미국 연방 이민항고심판소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Process (DHS ICE. 미국 연방 이민 및 세관 집행부서 집행절차)
  • U.S.A Removal - Basics (미국 연방 추방 절차)
[Category]
U.S.A DOL Permanent Labor Certification Process (Program Electronic Review Management. PERM 미국 연방 노동부 취업영주권 승인 절차)


[Title]
LABOR CERTIFICATION - PERM PROCESSING
Start →

LABOR CERTIFICATION - PERM PROCESSING

General Information for Employment Based Permanent Residency

To be sponsored for a Labor Certification, the Employer must have a bona fide job offer, which it intends to offer to the Prospective Employee/Beneficiary on a “Permanent Basis”.  The position must set forth the regular and normal job requirements, and the Employer must agree to pay the prevailing wage for the position, upon final approval of the employee’s permanent residence in the USA. The Employer must also demonstrate that is has the necessary ability to pay the proffered salary.

The general purpose of this process is to demonstrate to the US Department of Labor whether there are qualified and available U.S. workers for the position in which the Labor Certification is being sought. If there are qualified and available workers that apply for the position, the certification will not be issued. With Cooper and Kolko, we divide processing into the following 5 steps:

STEP 1  Initial  Evaluation  and  Preparation  of  Labor  Work  Up  and  Job  Description, Determination and Approval of Prevailing Wage Determination with State DOL; General Preparation of Filing with Dept. of Labor.
The job description consists of the educational, work experience, special skills or other job requirements and training which are reasonably necessary and required by the Employer for the position. The Beneficiary/Employee must have the necessary education/experience/skills to perform the job.  (Except in very limited situations, any work experience required for the position cannot be obtained from actual prior work experience with the sponsoring Employer).

STEP 2Advertisement Preparation and Plan; Publication, Job Posting and Job Order

There are different requirements for advertising which depends upon whether the position is defined as “professional”. If the position is not professional, advertising must only be run on two Sundays in a newspaper of general circulation. If the position is professional, the advertising must be run on two Sundays in a newspaper of general circulation and in three (3) alternative sources. The advertising period is open for at least 30 days after the last advertisement has been published.

The Employer must also comply with certain job posting requirements (10 business days at work cite or union notification), and a Job Order must be placed with the State Employment Office.

STEP 3Recruitment Procedures and Applicant Evaluation, and Electronic Filing with PERM.

If applicants respond to any of the advertisements, they must be evaluated with respect to all of the qualifications required of the position.  Any applicants who may be qualified will then have to be interviewed (telephone or in person) by the employer to make the determination as to whether they are qualified and/or available to take the position.  If there are qualified applicants, the case will end at this point as certification is not possible.  If there are no qualified applicants for the position, the case may then be filed online via the PERM Electronic System. Most applications for Labor Certification will be completed in 45-90 days.  However, some cases may be audited by the Department of Labor to assure that complete and accurate information has been included in the submission. If an Audit requirement is issued by the Department of Labor, additional attorney fees may apply.

If the U.S. Department of Labor approves the Labor Certification, the employer may then file with the
U.S. Immigration Service an Immigrant Visa Petition on behalf of the Sponsored Employee.
IMMIGRANT VISA PETITION AND
ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS OR CONSULAR IMMIGRANT VISA PROCESSING

(IF THE “PRIORITY DATE” IS CURRENT, THE FOREIGN WORKER MAY BE ELIGIBLE TO FILE CONCURRENTLY FOR THE IMMIGRANT VISA (Step 4) AND ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS (Step 5)

STEP 4Immigrant Visa Petition with USCIS (Visa Approval)

Based upon the approval and issuance of the Labor Certification from the U.S. Department of Labor, the Employer may now file the Immigrant Visa Petition with the U.S. Immigration Service on behalf of the foreign worker. At this part of the process, the foreign worker must determine if they are going to file for Adjustment of Status in the United States, if eligible, or whether they are going to elect consular visa processing overseas.

In addition to properly completing and filing the Immigrant Visa Petition, two issues of particular concern at this stage of the process include:

A. Since the filing of the labor certification, the employer must demonstrate that it has had and continues to have the ongoing ability to pay the foreign worker the certified prevailing wage.  The employer will need to demonstrate this requirement by providing financial data and documents including tax returns, bank statements and/or other documentation to confirm the ability to pay.

B. The Immigration Service will also require proof that the foreign worker is qualified for the certified position.The foreign worker must demonstrate they have all the necessary education (degree and transcripts, credential evaluation) and work experience (prior employment verification letters) required for the certified position.

STEP 5Adjustment of Status OR Consular Immigrant Visa Processing (Visa Issuance)

Adjustment of Status involves filing individual Adjustment Applications with Immigration for each person in the family that is eligible to adjust status in the United States (spouse and children under
21).    Each person that applies for Adjustment of Status may also be eligible for temporary
Employment Authorization (Work Cards) and/or Advance Parole Visas (Travel Documents).

If Consular Processing is selected, once the Immigrant Visa Petition (Step 4) is approved, processing will then be forwarded from the Immigration Service through the National Visa Center, for eventual processing at the US Embassy in their home country.   The Beneficiary/Employee and family will then be scheduled for an Interview, final processing and issuance of the Immigrant Visa in their home country.

There are certain advantages and/or disadvantages for either type of processing at Step 5 which will be evaluated and discussed based upon the specific facts and circumstances of each case.

For all people this process, it is critical that all applicants and family members maintain their legal temporary non-immigrant status if present in the USA, and not work without proper authorization. In addition, the filing of a Labor Certification, may impact a persons ability to receive a non-immigrant visa to temporarily enter the United States. The Labor Certification and Immigrant Visa Process are very complicated and generally involve procedures which require competent legal advice.   Further, the filing of an Application for Labor Certification with the Department of Labor does not provide the Beneficiary any legal authorization to remain in the USA.  The Beneficiary must have and/or maintain their valid non-immigrant status until at least reaching Step 5.  This Memorandum is only intended as a general outline of this process and each case must be fully evaluated.  Legal Representation by Kolko & Associates, PC requires a written Fee Agreement.


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[Title]
LABOR CERTIFICATION - PERM PROCESSING



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