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↓   USCIS AFM(DHS)
↓   USCIS AFM(DHS)


↓  Chapter 32 Petitions for Intracompany Transferees (L classification).

32.1         Background
32.2         Terminology
32.3         Individual L Petition Process
32.4         Blanket Petition Process
32.5         Individual Eligibility under Blanket Petitions
32.6         Technical Issues

References:
INA:
        101(a)(15)(L),
        101(a)(44),
        214

Regulations:
8 CFR 214.2(l)

32.1 Background.

The L classification,
        a) which originated with the 1970 amendments
                i) to the Immigration and Nationality Act, Pub. L. 91-225,

1) was designed
        a) to facilitate the temporary transfer
                i) of foreign nationals’
                A) management,
                B) executive, and
                C) specialized knowledge skills
                ii) to the United States
                iii) to continue employment
                        A) with an office of
                                I) the same employer,
                                II) its parent,
                                III) branch,
                                IV) subsidiary, or
                                V) affiliate.

The Immigration Act of 1990 (IMMACT), Pub. L. 101-649, made several modifications
        a) to the existing L category.

Section 123
        a) of IMMACT

1) changed the definition
        a) of manager
                i) in section 101(a)(44) of the Act
        b) to also include
                i) “functional managers”, or
                ii) those managers
                        (a) that manage an essential function within the company.

Section 205(b)
        a) of IMMACT

1) eliminated L nonimmigrants
        a) from being “presumed to be an immigrant”
                i) under section 214(b) of the Act.

Section 206
        a) of IMMACT

1) specified new limitations
        a) on the period of stay
                i) for L visa holders:

        a. seven years
                i) for executives/managers and
        b. five years
                i) for specialized knowledge personnel.

That section also modified the definition of “affiliate”
        a) to specifically include the international partnership agreements
                i) used by international accounting firms.

Section 206 also mandated a “blanket” petition process
        a) to accelerate the admission
                i) of individual L nonimmigrants.

Finally,

section 206 modified the prior qualifying experience requirement
        a) to allow one year
                i) of the prior three
                        (a) (rather than the immediate prior year)
                ii) to qualify an L-1 employee.

Section 6
        a) of the Nursing Relief
                i) for Disadvantaged Areas Act of 1999, Pub. L. 106-95,

1) further expanded the definition
        a) of “affiliate”
        b) to qualify for L-1 classification employees
                i) of international management consulting firms
                        (a) (most of which had been spun off
                                (i) from international accounting firms bearing the same names).


A corporate spin-off, also known as a spin-out or a starburst,

refers to a type of corporate action where a company "splits off" sections as a separate business


32.2 Terminology.

(a) General.

One of the keys
        a) to the adjudication of a petition for L-1 classification

1) is the understanding
        a) of the meaning of several key terms.

These terms have been defined
        a) over the years
        b) through various documents,
                i) including statutes, regulations, precedent decisions, and policy memoranda.

While the following chart provides a brief explanation
        a) of these terms,

1) it may be necessary
        a) to review the full document
                i) (statute, regulation, or precedent decision)
                ii) in order to understand all the nuances
                        (a) of any given term.





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