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[한국변호사, 미국변호사, 일리노이 변호사, 세무사 이재욱]
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1997년부터 20년 이상 한국과 미국의 변호사자격을 가지고 한국법과 미국법에 대한 서비스를 제공해왔습니다. 이재욱 변호사의 주요 업무분야와 업무경력을 확인하시려면 본 사이트의 상단 메뉴의 변호사이재욱의 경력란(Click) 을 참조하십시요. 본 변호사가 제공하는 서비스 업무분야는 본 홈페이지의 각 매뉴항목을 참조하십시요. 그러나, 이러한 메뉴는 업무분야의 예시에 불과하며, 귀하가 요구하는 모든 서비스도 모두 제공합니다.

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ATTORNEY [ licensed to practice in KOREA, U.S.A., ILLINOIS ] LEE, JAE WOOK
∗ [FOR AlienS - ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEGAL SERVICES in Counseling, Application and LITIGATION & TRIAL IN COURTS and TRIBUNALS in KOREA]
INTERNATIONAL DIVORCE, CIVIL, REAL ESTATE, PERSONAL INJURY, DAMAGES, TRAFFIC ACCIDENT, FRAUD, PENAL LAW, CRIMINAL TRIAL, FELONY, GUILTY PLEA, LEASE, RENTAL LAW, IMMIGRATION, INVESTMENT, TAX, INCORPORATION, TRADE, CONTRACT, DISPUTE IN CORPORATION, GOVERNMENT TREATMENT, REFUGEE, REMOVAL, VISA, PERMANENT RESIDENCE, CITIZENSHIP]
For more information for the services Attorney LEE provide for the Aliens who want for legal services in Korea, Please do not hesitate to click the below MENU link for "SERVICES FOR AlienS".

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[Category]
U.S.A. Employment-Based Immigration(미국 연방 고용이민 절차)
  • 미국이민뉴스
  • U.S.A. Immigration PRACTITION TIP (미국 연방 이민 실무 Tip)
  • U.S.A. Defense Service for Immigration Fraud and Crime (미국 연방 이민 관련 범죄자 변호, 자문 서비스)
  • U.S.A. Defense Service for Immigration Application Fraud Offenders (미국 연방 이민신청 사기 범죄자 방어 변호, 자문 서비스)
  • U.S.A. C VISA (미국 연방 경유용 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. DHS USCIS Adjudicator's Field Manual (AFM 미국 연방 국토안보부 이민국 이민심사 매뉴얼)
  • U.S.A. Department of States Foreign Affairs Manual (9 FAM VISAS of DOS. 미국 연방 주한미국대사관 영사절차 처리 매뉴얼)
  • U.S.A DOL Permanent Labor Certification Process (Program Electronic Review Management. PERM 미국 연방 노동부 취업영주권 승인 절차)
  • U.S.A. Korea-Based Consular process(DOS. 미국 연방 주한 미국 대사관 영사절차)
  • U.S.A. E1 & E2 Temporary Visa (미국 연방 투자 및 사업 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. F visa (미국 연방 학생 비자)
  • U.S.A. H visa (미국 연방 취업 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. J visa (미국 연방 방문 연구 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. K visa (미국 연방 시민권자의 배우자용 결혼 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. L visa (미국 연방 해외지사근무경험자 단기비자)
  • U.S.A. O visa & P visa (미국 연방 연예인 및 체육인 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. R visa (미국 연방 종교 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. S visa (미국 범죄수사협력자 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. T Visa & U visa (미국 연방 인신매매 & 범죄피해자 보호 단기비자)
  • U.S.A. V Visa (미국 연방 영주권자의 배우자 및 가족용 결혼 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. WAIVER for Removal by Deportability & Inadmissibility (미국 연방 입국전 및 입국후 추방 면제사유)
  • 체류기간연장(NIV EOS)
  • U.S.A. Non-Immigrant Visa Change of Status (NIV COS. 미국 연방 비이민미자 신분변경)
  • U.S.A. Removal by Inadmissibility (미국 연방 입국전 입국불허사유)
  • U.S.A. Removal by Deportability (미국 연방 입국후 거주자에 대한 추방사유)
  • U.S.A. Removal of condition for Conditional LPR( 미국 연방 조건부 결혼영주권자와 조건부 투자이민영주권자의 조건해제)
  • U.S.A. National Interest Waiver for EB-2 Immigrant Visa (NIW. 미국 연방 EB-2 이민비자 취업요건 국익면제 프로그램)
  • U.S.A. Employment-Based Immigration(미국 연방 고용이민 절차)
  • U.S.A. Family-Based Immigration(미국 연방 가족이민 절차)
  • U.S.A. Adjustment of Status to LPR (AOS. 미국 연방 신분변경에 의한 영주권 취득신청)
  • U.S.A. EB-5 Visa (미국 연방 투자이민 영주권)
  • U.S.A. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), Deferred Action for Parents of Americans(DAPA)(미국 연방 청소년 추방연기보호법, 시민권자녀의 부모추방연기보호법)
  • U.S.A. Violence Against Women Act & LPR (VAWA. 미국 연방 범죄피해여성구제법과 영주권)
  • U.S.A. USCIS Administrative Appeals Office Process (미국 연방 USCIS 행정심판소 AAO 불복 절차)
  • U.S.A. Appeal to District Court (미국 연방법원 항소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Process of Immigration Court (미국 연방 이민심판소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Board of Immigration Appeals Process (BIA. 미국 연방 이민항고심판소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Process (DHS ICE. 미국 연방 이민 및 세관 집행부서 집행절차)
  • U.S.A Removal - Basics (미국 연방 추방 절차)
[Category]
U.S.A. Employment-Based Immigration(미국 연방 고용이민 절차)


[Title]
Adjustment of Status – Employment Based
Start →

Brief Overview of Adjustment of Status through Employment

One of the two common pathways to obtaining lawful permanent resident status (i.e. a green card) in the United States is through the approval of an employment-based immigrant petition (the other common pathway way is through a family-based immigrant petition). Most employment-based immigrant petitions require a sponsoring U.S. employer/petitioner, but a few employment-based immigrant petitions may be self-petitioned (such as an EB-1 Extraordinary Ability petition). The requirements for the employment-based immigrant petition vary upon which employment based preference category the petition is being filed under.

However, the filing and subsequent approval of the employment-based immigrant petition does not, in and of itself, grant lawful permanent resident status to the foreign national. After a foreign national has an employment-based petition approved on their behalf, and if/when their priority date is current, they can file for adjustment of status from within the United States or can pursue their lawful permanent resident status from outside the United States through Immigrant Visa Processing (IVP). In some cases, the adjustment of status paperwork can be filed concurrently with the employment-based immigrant petition.



Requirements for Employment-Based Adjustment of Status

The main requirements for a foreign national to apply for adjustment of status (green card) from within the U.S. based on their approved employment-based immigrant petition are (1) to be physically present in the U.S. (2) to have last entered the U.S. lawfully (after inspection and admission by a U.S. immigration official), and (3) to be admissible to the United States (a foreign national’s eligibility may be effected if the foreign national has a previous criminal or immigration history that may render them inadmissible to the United States, or if they have failed to maintain their status in the U.S. or worked without authorization [unless they can qualify under INA §245(k)].

If the foreign national is not physically present in the U.S., or did not last enter the U.S. lawfully, they may be able to apply for lawful permanent resident status through Immigrant Visa Processing (IVP). If the foreign national is inadmissible to the U.S. as a result of previous criminal or immigration violations, they may be able to apply for waiver(s) to waive those grounds of inadmissibility.



Applying for Employment-Based Adjustment of Status

Applying for Employment-Based Adjustment of Status requires submitting a comprehensive package to USCIS based on the employment relationship as well as the applicant’s eligibility for adjustment of status. The main form is:

§ I-485 – Application to Adjust Status

Additional ancillary forms to be submitted include:

§ I-693, Medical Exam Results

Lastly, to establish or preserve employment eligibility and travel privileges (especially if the foreign national will not continue to maintain their non-immigrant status), other forms that may be submitted include:

§ I-765, Application for Employment Eligibility

§ I-131, Application for Advance Parole


Document Requirements for Applying for Employment-Based Adjustment of Status

I-140 Approval Notice

The I-140 is the form that the U.S. employer (or the foreign national, depending on the applicable employment-based preference category) should have previously filed and subsequently received an approval notice. The purpose of the form is to establish the legitimacy of the employment offer, the foreign national’s qualifications for the position being offered, foreign national’s eligibility to satisfy the applicable statutory requirements, the U.S. employer’s ability to pay, etc. Additional information on the I-140 process can be found here. As mentioned previously, in some cases, adjustment of status paperwork can be filed concurrently with the employment-based immigrant petition.

Form I-485 – Adjustment of Status

The I-485 is the form that the foreign national must file to apply for adjustment of status within the U.S. The I-485 form inquires about an individual’s status in the U.S., any prior immigration or criminal problems, and any other issues that may cause an individual to be inadmissible to the U.S. or be ineligible to adjust status within the U.S.

One of the fundamental requirements to be eligible to adjust status is that foreign national last entered the U.S. lawfully (i.e. after inspection by U.S. immigration officials). Additionally, if the foreign national has failed to maintain their status, or has worked without authorization, they may not be eligible to adjust their status. However, there are a few exceptions to these rules, such as the one found under INA §245(k).

Form I-693, Medical Exam Results

o The Form I-693 is used to determine whether the foreign national spouse is inadmissible to the United States on medical grounds.

o The medical examination must be completed by a USCIS approved civil surgeon. A list of USCIS approved civil surgeons can be found at www.uscis.gov.

o After the medical examination is completed, the civil surgeon will provide the foreign national spouse with a sealed envelope. The envelope must remain sealed when filed.

Form I-765 – Application for Employment Authorization

The I-765 can be filed concurrently with the adjustment of status paperwork to establish work employment eligibility while the adjustment of status paperwork is pending. Upon approval, the foreign national is issued an Employment Authorization Document (EAD), which is valid for any position with any employer, including for self-employment purposes. In most cases, the EAD is issued within 60-90 days after filing.

However, if the foreign national is maintaining his or her non-immigrant status after filing for adjustment of status, they are not required to file this form for work authorization. They may continue to work under their non-immigrant status.

Form I-131 – Application for Advance Parole

The I-131 can also be filed concurrently with the adjustment of status paperwork to allow for international travel privileges while the adjustment of status application is pending. Upon approval, the foreign national is issued an Advance Parole Document, which is valid for multiple entries returning to the U.S. In most cases, the Advance Parole Document is issued within 60-90 days after filing.

• Caution: Once an application for adjustment of status has been filed, the applicant may not be able to depart the U.S. until advance parole is issued (in certain situations, if the applicant is an H or L non-immigrant who is concurrently maintaining their non-immigrant status, they may be able to depart the U.S. without facing adverse consequences). Should an applicant depart the U.S. while the application is pending, but before advance parole is issued, they may be considered to have abandoned their application to adjust status.

If the foreign national has any unlawful presence issues or concerns, travel outside of the U.S. is ill-advised even if you have an approved Advance Parole Document. If the foreign national is unsure whether they have any unlawful presence issues, they should thoroughly discuss the matter with an immigration attorney.

Please note that a failure to maintain status or being out of status is not the same as unlawful presence.



Expectations After Filing Employment-Based Adjustment of Status

Receipt Notices

After all of the paperwork is filed, the foreign national will receive Receipt Notices within 2-3 weeks of filing for each application filed (I-485, I-765 and/or I-131). The Receipt Notices will assign the foreign national an Alien # (if they do not have one already). The Receipt Notices are also important for following up with USCIS in the future on these matters and checking the case status online.

Biometrics Notice

Approximately 2-3 weeks after the Receipt Notices are generated, USCIS will schedule the foreign national for a Biometrics Appointment at a local USCIS Field Office or an Application Support Center. At that appointment, the foreign national will have their picture and fingerprints taken so that the necessary security background checks can be completed.

Request for Evidence

If USCIS determines that the information/documentation submitted is inadequate to satisfy the applications requirements and further information is needed, they will issue a Request for Evidence (RFE). The Request for Evidence will specifically state the documents/information they are seeking and a timeline under which they need to be submitted (all requested information should be submitted at the same time). Failing to respond to the RFE may result in the denial of the application(s).

EAD/Advance Parole Documents

EAD and Advance Parole Documents, if applied for, are usually issued within 60-90 days after filing.

Interview Notice

In most cases, USCIS will adjudicate the petition favorably without requesting an interview. However, in some cases, they may schedule an interview. If USCIS does schedule an interview, it is normally sent to the foreign national approximately 2-3 weeks after the Biometrics Appointment. The interview notice will list documents that need to be brought to the interview.



The Adjustment of Status Interview

Purpose of the Interview

If scheduled, the purpose of the interview is two-fold. The first purpose is to ensure that the employment relationship is legitimate, the foreign national has the necessary qualifications for the proffered position and meets the statutory requirements. The second purpose is to ensure that the foreign national does not have any past criminal or immigration problems that would prevent them from being eligible for a green card through the adjustment of status process, including, but not limited to, working without authorization or failing to maintain status.

During the Interview

Each case is different and brings unique facts and circumstances to be addressed at the interview. Foreign nationals with complex or distinctive issues may benefit from consulting with an attorney who can help prepare them for what to expect at the interview and even attend the interview with them in order to assist with any responses to questions of law.

Possible Outcomes of the Interview

The interview usually concludes with one of three possibilities:

• Approval

o Ideally, the officer will end the interview by letting the foreign national know that they have been approved for a green card.

o At this time, if possible, the foreign national should ask the adjudicating officer to stamp their passport as proof of their lawful permanent resident status.

• Need Supervisory Review/Background Checks Not Cleared

o In some cases, the adjudicating officer might state that while everything looks good, the file needs supervisory review before approval and/or that they are still awaiting for background checks to clear.

o USCIS is likely to provide an update within 30-60 days after the interview.

• Issue w/Case

o In some cases, the adjudicating officer might feel that there is an issue with the case. They will not provide a decision at that time and will follow up within 30-60 days.



Lawful Permanent Residency

If the case is approved, the foreign national will receive lawful permanent residency and receive a “green card” valid for a period of ten years. In the future, the foreign national can apply for naturalization to become a U.S. citizen if they meet certain requirements. See Naturalization. If the employment-based immigrant petition is based on an EB-5, the foreign national will receive lawful permanent residency for a period of two years and must later apply to remove the conditions on their permanent resident status.



References

INA §203(b), §203(d), §245

USCIS Adjudicator’s Field Manual Ch. 22 and Ch. 23


* 관리자님에 의해서 게시물 이동되었습니다 (2016-05-05 13:34)
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[Title]
Adjustment of Status – Employment Based




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[Category]


  • 미국이민뉴스
  • U.S.A. Immigration PRACTITION TIP (미국 연방 이민 실무 Tip)
  • U.S.A. Defense Service for Immigration Fraud and Crime (미국 연방 이민 관련 범죄자 변호, 자문 서비스)
  • U.S.A. Defense Service for Immigration Application Fraud Offenders (미국 연방 이민신청 사기 범죄자 방어 변호, 자문 서비스)
  • U.S.A. C VISA (미국 연방 경유용 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. DHS USCIS Adjudicator's Field Manual (AFM 미국 연방 국토안보부 이민국 이민심사 매뉴얼)
  • U.S.A. Department of States Foreign Affairs Manual (9 FAM VISAS of DOS. 미국 연방 주한미국대사관 영사절차 처리 매뉴얼)
  • U.S.A DOL Permanent Labor Certification Process (Program Electronic Review Management. PERM 미국 연방 노동부 취업영주권 승인 절차)
  • U.S.A. Korea-Based Consular process(DOS. 미국 연방 주한 미국 대사관 영사절차)
  • U.S.A. E1 & E2 Temporary Visa (미국 연방 투자 및 사업 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. F visa (미국 연방 학생 비자)
  • U.S.A. H visa (미국 연방 취업 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. J visa (미국 연방 방문 연구 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. K visa (미국 연방 시민권자의 배우자용 결혼 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. L visa (미국 연방 해외지사근무경험자 단기비자)
  • U.S.A. O visa & P visa (미국 연방 연예인 및 체육인 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. R visa (미국 연방 종교 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. S visa (미국 범죄수사협력자 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. T Visa & U visa (미국 연방 인신매매 & 범죄피해자 보호 단기비자)
  • U.S.A. V Visa (미국 연방 영주권자의 배우자 및 가족용 결혼 단기 비자)
  • U.S.A. WAIVER for Removal by Deportability & Inadmissibility (미국 연방 입국전 및 입국후 추방 면제사유)
  • 체류기간연장(NIV EOS)
  • U.S.A. Non-Immigrant Visa Change of Status (NIV COS. 미국 연방 비이민미자 신분변경)
  • U.S.A. Removal by Inadmissibility (미국 연방 입국전 입국불허사유)
  • U.S.A. Removal by Deportability (미국 연방 입국후 거주자에 대한 추방사유)
  • U.S.A. Removal of condition for Conditional LPR( 미국 연방 조건부 결혼영주권자와 조건부 투자이민영주권자의 조건해제)
  • U.S.A. National Interest Waiver for EB-2 Immigrant Visa (NIW. 미국 연방 EB-2 이민비자 취업요건 국익면제 프로그램)
  • U.S.A. Employment-Based Immigration(미국 연방 고용이민 절차)
  • U.S.A. Family-Based Immigration(미국 연방 가족이민 절차)
  • U.S.A. Adjustment of Status to LPR (AOS. 미국 연방 신분변경에 의한 영주권 취득신청)
  • U.S.A. EB-5 Visa (미국 연방 투자이민 영주권)
  • U.S.A. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), Deferred Action for Parents of Americans(DAPA)(미국 연방 청소년 추방연기보호법, 시민권자녀의 부모추방연기보호법)
  • U.S.A. Violence Against Women Act & LPR (VAWA. 미국 연방 범죄피해여성구제법과 영주권)
  • U.S.A. USCIS Administrative Appeals Office Process (미국 연방 USCIS 행정심판소 AAO 불복 절차)
  • U.S.A. Appeal to District Court (미국 연방법원 항소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Process of Immigration Court (미국 연방 이민심판소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Board of Immigration Appeals Process (BIA. 미국 연방 이민항고심판소 절차)
  • U.S.A. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Process (DHS ICE. 미국 연방 이민 및 세관 집행부서 집행절차)
  • U.S.A Removal - Basics (미국 연방 추방 절차)

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